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Reading Comprehension

Read the following passage and answer the questions.
“I Have a Dream” is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the march on Washington for jobs and freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States and called for civil and economic rights. Delivered to over 2,50,000 civil rights supporters from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., the speech was a defining moment of the civil rights movement. Beginning with a reference to the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed millions of slaves in 1863, King observes that: “one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free”. Towards the end of the speech, King departed from his prepared text for a partly improvised peroration on the theme “I have a dream”, prompted by Mahalia Jackson’s cry: “Tell them about the dream, Martin!” In this part of the speech, which most excited the listeners and has now become its most famous, King described his dreams of freedom and equality arising from a land of slavery and hatred. Jon Meacham writes that, “With a single phrase, Martin Luther King Jr. joined Jefferson and Lincoln in the ranks of men who’ve shaped modern America”. The speech was ranked the top American speech of the 20th century in a 1999 poll of scholars of public address.

प्रश्न 1   In front of whom does King speak ?
 (अ) The civil rights supporters
 (ब) His friends.
 (स) Lincoln
 (द) The Negroes
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 2   What is the name of Martin Luther King’s famed speech ?
 (अ) The Emancipation Proclamation
 (ब) An Improvisation
 (स) A Peroration
 (द) I Have a Dream
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 3   From the last paragraph, give one word for “to leave”.
 (अ) Departed
 (ब) Proclamation
 (स) Improvised
 (द) Address
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 4   What pushes King to speak: “I have a dream”?
 (अ) He reads out the Emancipation Proclamation
 (ब) He is prompted by Mahalia Jackson
 (स) He is overwhelmed by the crowd
 (द) Lincoln had asked him to give the speech
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 5   What issues docs Martin Luther King’s speech address?
 (अ) Continuation of racism
 (ब) End t0 racism and civil and economic rights
 (स) Civil rights
 (द) Civil War
 उत्तर  

Read the passage and answer :
Vehicular pollution causes serious health problems. Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons emitted by motor vehicles trigger off a complex chain reaction resulting in dangerous pollutants such as ozone, aldehydes and ketones. The prolonged inhalation of carbon monoxide present in the toxic fumes reduces the carbon carrying capacity of the blood, and may cause headache, sickness and even death. Likewise, unbumed fragments of hydrocarbons form smog thicken with elements that may cause cancer.

प्रश्न 6   Which of the word in the passage means poisonous ?
 (अ) cancer
 (ब) toxic
 (स) serious
 (द) ketones
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 7   Vehicular Pollution causes pollutants such as –
 (अ) ozone, aldehydes and ketones
 (ब) carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons
 (स) hydrocarbons
 (द) nitrogen oxides
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 8   What reduces the carbon carrying capacity of the blood ?
 (अ) A complex chain reaction.
 (ब) Unburned fragments of hydrocarbons.
 (स) The pollution from vehicles.
 (द) Breathing carbon monoxide for a long time.
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 9   Which word in the passage means the Same as ’lengthy’ ?
 (अ) Chain reaction
 (ब) Prolonged
 (स) Extend
 (द) Emitted
 उत्तर  

प्रश्न 10   Which of the following is likely to cause cancer?
 (अ) Inhalation of carbon monoxide
 (ब) Reduction of carbon
 (स) Unburned hydrocarbon
 (द) Smog
 उत्तर  

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